آموزش کار با Cpanel

سی‌پنل یک صفحهٔ کنترل میزبانی وب، مبتنی بر یونیکس است که بوسیلهٔ ایجاد رابط کاربری و ابزار خودکار طراحی شده است تا کار کردن با فضای میزبانی وب را راحت‌تر کند. سی‌پنل در سه نوع برای استفادهٔ گردانندگان سرور، فضاهای ریسیلر و کاربر دارنده وب سایت طراحی شده است تا مصرف کنندگان و گردانندگان سرورها بتوانند به شکل‌های گوناگون روی فضای خود کنترل داشته باشند. در کتاب آماده شده بصورت کامل و تصویری با این کنترل پنل آشنا خواهید شد.

راهنمای کار با Cpanel

Files file_manager File Manager رابط کاربری مدیریت فایل در Cpanel به کاربران این اجازه می دهد تا فایل ها مدیریت و ویرایش کنند.
Image رابط کاربری مدیر تصویر به کاربر این اجازه می دهد تا تصاویر مدیریت و در حساب کاربری خود ذخیره کنند.
Directory Privacy این قابلیت به شما اجازه می دهد از دایرکتوری خاصی محافظت کنید. اگر شما این ویژگی را فعال، سیستم باعث می شود تا کاربران هنگام تلاش برای مشاهده محتوا پوشه برای ورود نام کاربری و رمز عبور داشته باشند.
Disk Usage This interface displays information about how you use your account’s disk space, and all of your home directory’s subdirectories. It also helps you manage your disk space quota, because it displays files and directories that use large amounts of hard disk space. This interface also displays disk usage information about individual files and directories that the subdirectory contains.
Web Disk Use the Web Disk interface to manage your Web Disk accounts. The Web Disk utility allows you to manage and manipulate files on your server in multiple types of interfaces. You can choose a more familiar interface that makes file management tasks easier to complete.
FTP Accounts You can use this interface to create and manage your website’s FTP accounts. FTP allows you to manage your website’s files.
FTP Connections This interface displays information about current connections to your FTP server and it allows you to terminate those connections.
Backup This set of features allows you to create backups of your server’s configuration and content. You can use these backups at a later time to restore data on your server.
Backup Wizard The Backup Wizard interface allows you to back up all or part of your website, or restore your website from the most recent backup file.
CpCleaner Scan your account for unused or forgotten files. Run a scan and you will know that within seconds how much disk space you can clean up.
Database MySQL Databases Use this interface to create, manage, and delete MySQL databases and database users.
MySQL Database Wizard This wizard guides you through the setup of a MySQL database, user accounts, and user privileges. We recommend that you use this wizard to create your first database and user.
Remote MySQL This feature allows remote hosts (servers) to access MySQL databases on your account.
phpMyAdmin phpMyAdmin is a web-based administration tool for MySQL and MariaDB.
PostgreSQL Databases Use this interface to create, manage, and delete PostgreSQL databases and database users.
PostgreSQL Database Wizard This wizard guides you through the setup of a PostgreSQL® database, user accounts, and user privileges. We recommend that you use this wizard to create your first database and user.
phpPgAdmin phpPgAdmin is a web-based administration tool for PostgreSQL.
Domains Addon Domains Addon domains allow you to control multiple domains from a single account. An addon domain links a new domain name to a subdirectory of your account’s public_html (document root) directory, and then stores its files in that subdirectory.
Subdomains This interface allows you to create and manage subdomains for your cPanel account. A subdomain is a subsection of your website that exists as a subdirectory in your public_html (document root) directory. Subdomains use a prefix in conjunction with the domain name.
Aliases Domain aliases are domains that you own, but which do not contain any content. Instead, they point to the contents of another domain or subdomain on your account.
Redirects The Redirects interface allows you to send all of the visitors of a domain or particular page to a different URL.
Advanced Zone Editor DNS is the component of the Internet that converts human-readable domain names into computer-readable IP addresses. DNS uses zone files that reside on your server to map domain names to IP addresses. There are several different types of records in a domain’s zone file. This feature allows you to create, edit, and delete A, AAAA, CNAME, SRV, and TXT records.
Email Email Accounts This interface allows you to add and manage your domain’s email accounts.
Forwarders This interface allows you configure an email address to forward copies of incoming emails to another address.
MX Entry This interface allows you to route a domain’s incoming mail to a specific server. Changes that you make to a domain’s MX entry also result in changes to the DNS records.
Autoresponders This feature allows you to configure automatic email response messages.
Default Address This interface allows you to set up a default address (catch-all address) that receives any mail that was sent to an invalid email address for the domain. You can also define how the default address handles incoming messages.
Mailing Lists Mailing lists allow you to use a single address to send mail to multiple email addresses.
Track Delivery This interface displays reports about email message delivery attempts from your account and allows you to trace message delivery routes. You can also use this feature to trace an message’s delivery route, which can help you to identify message delivery issues.
Global Email Filters This interface allows you to configure how your server filters all of the email that your domains’ email accounts receive.
Email Filters This interface allows you to filter the email for each email account in your domain.
Authentication cPanel’s Authentication interface allows you to enable or disable DKIM and SPF. These features provide information about incoming mail. The system uses this information to verify that a trusted sender sent the messages.
Address Importer This interface allows you to use two types of files to create multiple email addresses or forwarders for your account simultaneously. You may use .xls or .csv file to import data.
Archive This interface allows you to save incoming, outgoing, and mailing list messages for a specified amount of time. The system stores the messages in the mail directory in the user’s home directory. Each day, the system generates a new directory with the archivetype.YYYY-MM-DD format that contains all of the specified archive type’s messages.
Encryption GnuPG keys use the public key approach for encryption. Servers that use GnuPG keys encrypt outbound messages with a public key. Only the intended recipient, who has the private key, can decrypt the message.
Calendars and Contacts Client Configuration To access your calendars and contacts on your personal devices, you need to configure your client to connect to CalDAV for calendars and CardDAV for contacts.
MailScanner MailScanner scans email for viruses, spam, phishing, malware, and other attacks against security vulnerabilities. MailScanner supports a wide range of MTAs and virus scanner ClamAV. Spam detection is accomplished via Spamassassin, which is by far the most popular and standardized spam detection engine.
Metrics Visitors This interface displays detailed information about the 1,000 most recent visits to your website. This information helps you to learn about your audience and monitor frequent visitors so that you can adjust your website content to fit their needs. It also helps you locate and fix errors, such as missing pages or broken links.
Errors The interface displays up to 300 of the most recent entries in Apache’s error logs, in reverse chronological order.
Bandwidth The Bandwidth interface displays bandwidth usage information in several sets of graphs. Each graph contains information about bandwidth usage over a specific period of time.
Raw Access Raw access logs are text files that contain information about your website’s visitors and the content on your website that they have accessed. This feature allows you to download a zipped version of your access log.
Awstats The Awstats interface displays traffic statistics from the Advanced Web Statistics (AWStats) software, which compiles information about how users access your website.
Metrics Editor This interface allows you to select metrics programs to process your log files and provide traffic analysis for your account’s domains.
Security IP Blocker The IP Blocker interface allows you to block access to your site for one or more IP addresses or FQDNs.
SSL/TLS Manager The features in this interface allow you to generate and manage SSL certificates, signing requests, and keys, which enhance your website’s security. They are useful for websites that regularly work with sensitive information, such as login credentials and credit card numbers. Encryption protects visitors’ communications from malicious users.
Hotlink Protection A hotlink occurs when someone embeds content from your site in another site and uses your bandwidth to serve the files. You can use this interface to prevent this issue.
Leech Protection The Leech Protection interface allows you to detect unusual levels of activity in password-restricted directories on your site. After you set the maximum number of logins within a two-hour period, the system redirects or suspends users who exceed that maximum.
ModSecurity  The mod_security Apache module provides the ModSecurity web application firewall for Apache. This feature allows you to enable or disable mod_security for a single domain or entire account.
Software PHP PEAR Packages PHP PEAR packages are software components that are written in the PHP language. The PHP PEAR Packages interface allows you to search for and add PEAR packages to your website, or view all of your website’s available PHP packages.
Perl Modules Perl modules are software components in the Perl language. This interface allows you to search for and install Perl modules from the CPAN repository to your website.
Optimize Website This interface allows you to configure your server to automatically compress specified types of content when visitors access that content.
MultiPHP Manager  This interface allows you to easily manage the PHP configuration on your server. In this interface, you can manage the system’s default PHP version and the PHP version of any virtual host on the system. You can also set a different PHP version for each virtual host.
MultiPHP INI Editor  This interface allows you to configure your PHP settings.
Fantastico F3  Fantastico is the leading autoinstaller for cPanel. With over 500 scripts to choose from.
Advanced Cron Jobs Cron jobs are scheduled tasks that the system runs at predefined times or intervals. Typically, a cron job contains a series of simple tasks that the system runs from a script file.
Track DNS This interface contains tools to help you retrieve network information. For example, you can look up an IP address or trace the route from your computer to the computer that hosts your website.
Indexes When a visitor accesses a directory (rather than a page) on your web site, the browser typically displays the directory’s index page. If no index page exists, the browser displays a list of the files in that directory.
Error Pages Error pages inform visitors about problems when they attempt to access your site. Each problem has its own status code (for example, 404) and error page. The web server automatically provides basic error pages, but the Error Pages interface allows you to define custom error pages for any HTTP status code.
Apache Handlers Apache handlers control how your site’s Apache web server software manages certain file types and file extensions. Apache can handle CGI scripts and server-parsed files. The file extensions for these files include .cgi, .pl, .plx, .ppl, .perl, and .shtml. You can configure Apache to use an existing handler to handle a new file type. To do this, manually add the handler and extension in this interface.
MIME Types MIME types relay information to the browser about how to handle file extensions. MIME types can allow visitors’ browsers to handle new technologies as they become available. To add new MIME types to your web server, define the name, directory, and file extension that correspond to the MIME type.
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